A Definitive Guide On Magento Web Services And Its Applications

Magento Web Services And Its Applications

Before we start our discussion on the web services, let us first understand what web services are. In general computing language, a web service is a service offered by an electronic device to another electronic device for communicating with each other through the World Wide Web.

Now, as we all know Magento is one of the most preferable eCommerce platforms for a majority of the eCommerce store owners, it is quite an obvious fact that these websites will be accessed through different devices. As a result, for smoother communication, the Magento offers their best API web services for providing better access to the website. So, let us understand what the Magento web development services or the Magento Web APIs are!!

magento web API

The Magento Web API framework offers the integrators and developers a means for using web services that can communicate with the Magento system. Some of the key features of web APIs include:

  • It offers support for REST (Representational State Transfer) as well as SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) to the eCommerce stores. In the Magento version 2, the web API coverage is the same for both REST and SOAP.

  • All the accounts, as well as integrations, are assigned particular resources that they have access to. The API framework usually checks for the calls having authorization for performing a particular request. There are usually three types of authentication:

    • Login credential authentication for administrators and customers

    • Third-party applications authentication with the OAuth 1.0a

    • Token authentication for the mobile applications.

Authentication

[Source: http://tutorials.jenkov.com/web-services/message-formats.html]

  • With just a few modifications in the XML file, the Magento or third-party service can be configured as the web API. In order to configure a web API, one has to define AML elements as well as attributes in the webapi.xml configuration file. It will not be exposed at all if a service is not defined in the configuration file.

  • The web API framework in Magento is usually based on the CRUD (Create, Read, Update & Delete) & search model. Also, it supports field filtering for the Web API responses in order to conserve the mobile bandwidths.

  • The integration style in the web APIs enables a single web API call in order to run multiple services at a time. This is to get more efficient integration in order to work with other programs. For an instance, in the Catalogue- one web API call can successfully create a product and if the payload includes inventory object and media object then the framework would create product’s inventory as well as media in the single API call.

With the above-listed points, you may now have a clear idea of what web services or the web API framework in the Magento platform is. But still you must be thinking what can be done with these Magento web APIs, right? So, let us have a detailed look on the wide array of tasks that a developer can perform with the help of APIs:

tasks that a developer can perform with the help of APIs

  • Integrating with the Content Management System (CMS)

  • Integrating with Customer Relationship Management (CRM) or the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) in the backend systems

  • Creating a shopping app that a user can download on a mobile device. Another app can also be designed that helps the employees on a showroom floor for helping customers to make purchases.

This is how one can implement the Magento web API framework with different apps. As a result, if you too want to get started with the Magento web API frameworks, you can follow below given some of the steps. These steps will help you to enable web services with your Magento store:

  • If you are opting for the session-based or the OAuth authentication, then you need not create a new user in the Admin. Create web services user on the Magento Admin by selecting System > All Users > Add New User only if you are opting for token-based authentication.

  • Next step is to create new integration on Magento Admin. For this, you need to navigate through System > Integration > Add New Integration menu.

  • Finally, you can configure your own web API framework using REST or SOAP web service authentication.

Conclusion:

This is how one can install and use Magento Web API frameworks. It can be used with different web applications in order to offer greater flexibility to its users, whether customers or the store owners. If you have any query regarding the web services and its different applications, you can approach us- the Kodematix, who is ready to serve you with any of the eCommerce web development needs 24/7!!

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